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What do you do when you receive notice that a disciplinary complaint has been filed against you in Louisiana?

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James H. Gibson - Professional Liability - Super Lawyers

Answered by: James H. Gibson

Located in Lafayette, LAGibson Law Partners, LLC

Phone: 337-761-6250
Fax: 337-761-6061

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What you should do is determined by where you are in the process.  Regardless, you should never ignore communication from the Louisiana Attorney Disciplinary Board. 

The Louisiana Attorney Disciplinary Board

The Louisiana State Supreme Court has established the Rules of Professional Conduct and expects lawyers to adhere to them strictly. However, many lawyers will find themselves facing a disciplinary complaint at some point during their careers. 

In 1990, the State Supreme Court established the Attorney Disciplinary Board, a statewide agency which oversees all disciplinary investigations conducted in response to formal complaints. The Board is comprised of hearing committees consisting of lawyer and non-lawyer members, disciplinary counsel and their administrative staff.  When a complaint is lodged against an attorney, assuming the complaint survives pre-investigation screening (many do not) by the Office of Disciplinary Counsel (or ODC), the next step in the process is investigation of the allegations by the ODC.  Once the investigation concludes, the ODC can dismiss the complaint, or recommend probation or admonition, or the filing of formal charges. 

Rule violation

Formal charges must be served on the attorney.  There are certain procedural deadlines that are triggered with the service of formal charges, including deadlines for answering the charges, which are set forth in Rule XIX of the Louisiana Supreme Court Rules.  There are three levels of review:  Hearing Committee, Disciplinary Board, and Louisiana Supreme Court.  The attorney can present evidence in defense or mitigation.  Depending upon the seriousness of the violation proven, the attorney can be subject to discipline spanning from suspension from the practice of law to permanent disbarment.  Throughout the process the attorney has the right to retain private counsel, preferably someone familiar with the disciplinary process and rules, to address the grievance.  Indeed, many malpractice policies provide coverage for defense ethical complaints not subject to the policy’s deductible. 

Disclaimer: The answer is intended to be for informational purposes only. It should not be relied on as legal advice, nor construed as a form of attorney-client relationship.

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