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About Judy Malmon

Judy Malmon has blended law and writing throughout her career. She got her J.D. from University of California, Davis and practiced elder and disability law in California and Minnesota. She honed her writing by drafting appellate decisions in a nationwide class action, writing blogs for law firms, and writing for Westlaw. She loves digging into everyday legal questions, deciphering the complexities of law, and telling personal stories.

Articles Written by Judy Malmon

Whose Fault is a Drug-Induced Homicide in Florida?

Death caused by fentanyl can be first-degree murder

Who's To Blame for Overdoses in Pennsylvania?

Opioid deaths may be prosecuted as homicide in Pennsylvania

Do You Have a Duty to Prevent Suicide?

Massachusetts May Have Limited Circumstances of College Liability

Accommodations for Breastfeeding Under the PDA

Post-pregnancy worker rights in Georgia

Are Lactating Employees Afforded Special Accommodations?

Breastfeeding Discrimination Liability in Florida

Your DNA Goes Where You Don't

DNA transfer can erroneously link suspects to crimes

Can Your DNA Link You to Crimes You Didn’t Commit?

DNA transfer happens even when we don't touch it, California defense attorney says

Oregon Supports Residential Beekeeping

But beware of local nuisance laws, backyard beekeepers

Your DNA Can Be Stolen

Your genetic code is as available as a discarded tissue in Oregon

Covering Your Care Needs in Maryland

As you age, it’s important to plan for Medicaid and/or long-term care

Busted for Driving High in Oregon?

Legalization of marijuana does not make impaired driving legal

Suing for Pregnancy Discrimination in Georgia

Losing your job due to pregnancy is not allowed, and complications must be accommodated

Is a Restaurant Liable for Allergens in Food?

Legal advice, if you have an adverse reaction in Illinois

Employees Can Be Told What to Wear in Georgia

Boss can dictate no-skirt policy for safety reasons

Your RV Has Its Own Warranty—and Legal Issues

Warranties, sales and lease fraud, and deceptive practices in Ohio

Driving Under the Influence of Marijuana in California

Legalization is not a pass to drive stoned

To Victims of Sexual Assault: Please Seek Legal Help

Attorneys overcome bias and understand victim behavior in Washington sexual misconduct lawsuits

Are You Working After Punching Out?

California wage laws may not recognize federal ‘de minimis’ exception

What Is Fee-Shifting?

The growing trend among attorneys may save Ohioans a boatload in legal fees

Can a Business Provide Your Private Information to ICE?

Yes, and though it’s against the law, illegal immigrants in Washington may still be deported

Designing a Legal Plan for Your Business

One size doesn’t fit all startups

Your Attorney Must Keep Your Secrets … To a Point

What attorney-client privilege means, and the exceptions to it in New Jersey

Planning the Future of the Family Business in New Jersey

Are your kids really the best choice to take over the company?

What To Do When Employees Claim Stress

Stress-based workers’ comp claims in New Jersey face a higher bar

Gig Workers in Illinois are Not Always Contractors

State and federal law can bite employers who misclassify their employees

Recovering for a Birth Injury in Ohio

Compensation can provide for extensive medical care needs

Claiming Workers' Comp for Job-Related Stress

How to seek relief when workplace stress is significant in California

A Notary is Not a Lawyer

Notarization might not mean what you think it means

Infringing on the Public's Right to Know

Washington juggles open meeting laws and privacy concerns

Freedom of the Press for Students in Washington

New Voices laws give protections against media censorship

Taking Legal Action Against Opioids

Ohio takes the lead on claims against opiod manufacturers and distributors

Why You Should Work With an Attorney on Surrogacy

Surrogacy law in Minnesota is mostly silent, so a lawyer is essential

Social Media at Work: All Kinds of Ways to Get in Trouble

From slacking to cyberbullying in Arizona

Tips for a Family Business Succession Plan

How to get your baby on board in Ohio

Can My Special Needs Student be Suspended or Expelled?

“We shouldn’t punish kids for their disability”

Can You Sue the City for Potholes?

Recovering for damage in New Jersey can be a rough road

How to Seek Academic Advancement for a Special Ed Student

Brighter IDEA: The Supreme Court has clarified standard of free, appropriate public education

Looking for Liability for Opioid Deaths

Doctors, pharmaceutical companies—who can you sue?

Social Media and Hiring Decisions Are Not a Good Mix

Don’t check that applicant’s Facebook page

What is Considered a “Committed Intimate Relationship”?

Rights and protections for unmarried couples in Washington State

Your Smartphone Can Be Evidence in a Car Accident

If there’s reason to believe it played a part, cell phone use may make or break your case

How to Protect Yourself if You're Cohabiting in New Jersey

Certain legal documents can save your property, children and estate

Cohabiting Couples Can Have Protections Similar to Marriage

Legal documentation can protect your property, children and estate in Massachusetts

What’s a Form 1099-C and Why Was I Sent One?

If you settled a debt for less than you owed, you may owe taxes on it

Criminal Risk Assessments in Colorado

Judicial use of algorithms in sentencing and bail-setting has some downsides

Real Estate Contract Options in Washington

Alternative financing arrangements can have advantages—and disadvantages

The Algorithm That Decides Your Fate in the Criminal Justice System

Florida, and other states, use computerized formulas for bail, sentencing and parole

Can You Take Your Paycheck in Cryptocurrency?

Bitcoin has some present-day legal uncertainties

Workplace Romance in the Age of MeToo

Now, more than ever, your job may be on the line

Hey Barter Barter: The Law Swings for Contractors

Employee vs. Contractor is a critical classification in California barter arrangements

Tax Law Problems in the Gig Economy

Receiving something other than money for services is still income to the IRS

The Immigration Squeeze on Military Recruits

The legal fight to keep the MAVNI program

Tax Fraud and Other Games of Chance

If you’re getting audited and haven’t paid your taxes, call a litigator immediately

How Precise is DNA Evidence in a Criminal Case?

A Maryland criminal defense attorney says it’s not as open-and-shut as you might think

Privacy and Terms of Use Policies Need Regular Updating

Check your website terms or risk legal headaches later

When Blockchain, Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Come Under Attack

A new legal frontier has formed around digital currency fraud, hacking and disputes

Delays in the Green Card Process, and How an Attorney Can Help

Employers and foreign workers feel the squeeze on H-1Bs

Suing Dicamba for Causing Crop Damage

How Missouri farmers can take action against herbicides

The Path to Employment and Citizenship for Foreign Students

An immigration attorney gives tips to connect skilled students with Pennsylvania employers

Airbnb Fiascos and Other Tales of Short-Term Rental Woe

Proceed with caution before turning your property over to strangers

Immigration Enforcement Is Trending Upwards

Raids and audits are on the rise

If Your Spouse or Parent Dies Without a Will

You may not inherit what you think is yours: Georgia’s intestate succession laws

How to Train and Keep Foreign Doctors in the U.S.

J-1 visas and Conrad 30 waivers help, but they’re running out fast

Caring for an Elderly Parent in Their Home

You might be able to keep an aging parent's home and qualify for Medicaid

Could Your SEO Practices Get You in Trouble?

Trademark infringement liability might lurk in Adwords and hashtags

Estate Planning for Blended Families

Contemporary families can have tricky planning issues

6 Tips for Opening Your Doors on the Web

Protecting your startup when you launch an e-commerce business

If a Tree Falls in Minnesota and No One is There

Insurance companies will make a sound, assuming it hit someone’s property

Kids Don’t Decide Their Own Custody and Fault Doesn’t Matter

Common misconceptions in Pennsylvania family law

Does My Landlord Have to Fix My Refrigerator?

Massachusetts rentals may not require all that you think they do

Shared Custody Arrangements for Pets

Illinois law allows judges to make such an order

Digital Spying in Washington State

Our modern world affords new avenues for divorcing spouses

You Don't Need to Avoid Probate in Georgia

State laws make the process easier than you might think

Tips on Managing Your Divorce Lawyer Bill

Hint: Fighting with your ex in court is expensive

Gray Divorce in Maryland

Considerations for divorces after 50

Who Can Make Health Care Decisions for Teens?

Medical consent and confidentiality in Washington

Your Options to Catch Up on Student Loan Delinquency

Specialized legal help can cut through the confusion

Drug Screening in the Era of Legalized Marijuana

Can my employer fire me for legal activities while not at work?

Expats Still Must Pay U.S. Taxes

Sam is still your uncle

Considering a Land Installment Contract in Ohio

Alternative financing arrangements can have advantages—and disadvantages

Can You Give a Bad Job Reference?

The legality of saying something negative about an employee in Pennsylvania

Avoiding Trouble at Continuing Care Retirement Communities

Entering a life care community requires some legal advice

Employment Discrimination Based on Criminal History

The legal protections relating to background checks in Massachusetts

Estate Planning for Dementia

Note to self: Do it now, before it’s too late!

Domestic Violence and Child Custody in Pennsylvania

‘Best interests of the child’ analysis explicitly requires assessment of abuse

Resolving Student Loan Debt in Minnesota

Having a lawyer can help you through the repayment questions

Stand Up to Debt Collectors' Harassing Calls

Consumer protection law pays you to pursue your rights

Choosing a Legal Entity for Your Business

Your options and how they’re viewed in Oregon

Half a Loaf: Better Than None Indeed

The Medicaid planning technique can allow for family gifts in New Jersey

Data Breaches Happen

It’s not always someone’s fault when private information goes rogue

What is a Romeo and Juliet Law?

This and other sexual consent rules in New Jersey

Host With the Most … Liability

Hosting underage drinking is a bad idea in Ohio

Revenge Porn and Illinois Law

The state has made it a Class 4 felony

Making Lemonade from a Car Purchase Gone Wrong

Massachusetts’ Lemon Law protects new and used car buyers

How to Leave a Charitable Legacy

Charity options as you plan your estate in Florida

Driving While Distracted in Colorado

Texting while driving laws in Colorado

Sexting Can Land You in Jail

Child pornography and age of consent laws in Washington

Why Some Insurance Doesn't Cover Washington's Crappy Weather

Be legally prepared in case a flood, wildfire, or earthquake hits home

What Payout Can I Get in My Personal Injury Case?

Ohio unfortunately caps damages in personal injury lawsuits

How Mandatory Arbitration Clauses Impact Consumer Rights

The implications of the fine print and latest rule changes for Oregonians

Driving Under the Influence of Electronics

Texting while driving laws in Washington state

Can My Employer Say Bad Things About Me?

Job references and the law in Pennsylvania

Taking a Knee on the Job

Can your boss limit what you say while on the clock?

When is a Collector of Debt Not a 'Debt Collector'?

U.S. Supreme Court rules that purchasers of bad debts are not subject to FDCPA

Planning for Long-Term Care in New Jersey

Things to consider include: Medicaid, LTC insurance and a trustworthy attorney

Protecting Yourself Against Corporate Espionage

It may sound like James Bond, but really, it’s just stealing

Avoiding Vacation Home Havoc

Tips for passing down the summer cottage or beach house in Massachusetts

Avoiding a Fence Dispute in Minnesota

Some rules to keep in mind

How Will My Bankruptcy Affect My Spouse?

California law creates some unique considerations

What Common Law Marriage Means in Real Life

The legal myths and facts about a persistently misunderstood concept

Driving Home the Dangers of Distracted Driving

New Jersey takes distracted driving very seriously

Reciprocal Easement Agreements Can Make or Break a Development Deal

Reciprocal Easement Agreements are crucial for commercial planning in Georgia

Fence Laws in Oregon

Eight tips to avoid/resolve a neighborly fence dispute

Trademarking Racial Slurs, Swear Words and Swastikas

The disparaging restriction is out. Is the scandalous clause next?

Same-Sex Common Law Marriage in Colorado

Marriage may be retroactive—even before Obergefell v. Hodges made it legal

Fighting a Claim Denial After an Earthquake, Landslide or Wildfire in California

What to do about insurance denial when your home is burning

Fighting Off Debt Collection Abuse

Five tips for Ohioans dealing with collectors

What To Do With Your Insurance When Bad Weather Hits Texas

Filing an insurance lawsuit in the event of flooding, windstorms and wildfires in Texas

Laws of the Road for Minnesota Bicyclists

Bikes are vehicles in the eyes of the law (with a few exceptions)

When Your Need Disaster Insurance in Florida

Being a savvy insurance consumer pays in the event of coastal storms and flooding

Protecting Your Invention

Should Ohio inventors file a provisional application for a patent?

How to Change Your Name in Maryland

The legal ins and outs 

Should I Register My Trademark?

It’s not required, but there are advantages

Why You Should Establish a Health Care Proxy

Save time and money while preparing for the worst in Massachusetts

Why You Should Establish a Durable Power of Attorney

Save time and money while preparing for the worst in Massachusetts

Protecting the Privacy of Your Medical Records

What to do if a hospital or physician improperly discloses your medical info

Look Out Georgia Left-Lane Drivers!

Driving the speed limit could get you a ticket

The Pennsylvania Adoption Home Study Process

What do I need to know before I adopt a child?

What is a Public Benefit Corporation?

Maryland allows social enterprises to pursue legal designation

College Plans That Save Headaches as Well as Money

These estate planning vehicles may help

You Don't Have to be Buzzed to Get Busted for DUI in Utah

Utah lowered its tolerance for drinking and driving to .05 BAC

How a 529 Plan Can Maximize Savings for College

Legal advice on the little-known tax advantage

Pass the DUI

The state law isn’t a safeguard if you have alcohol in a motor vehicle

Gestational Surrogacy Laws in Illinois

The state’s a legally supportive stance on the family arrangement

Should I Consider a Short Sale?

This option may be a good one for a foreclosure in California, but proceed with caution

Utah's Metabolite DUI Law Doesn't Require Impairment

It prohibits any drug byproduct in a driver’s bloodstream, period

What is a Hardship License?

If your license is suspended in Louisiana, you might still be able to drive for special reasons

Getting Out of a Timeshare Can Be Tricky

Legal steps you can take if you’re stuck in a Florida timeshare

Passing on the Minnesota Family Cabin

Vacation homes can sow generational harmony or havoc

Sick of Dealing with Security Deposits?

Surety bonds are the little-known option that could help

Pay Secrecy Policies: That's a No-No!

Federal and New Jersey laws protect your right to compare paychecks

Can My Boss Make Me Wear That?

The laws for dress and grooming policies in California

Driving a Hard Bargain at the Car Dealership

Fighting fraud and deception while purchasing a car in Florida

The Tell-Tale Signs and Consequences of Distracted Driving

The laws and penalties for driving while texting and drowsy driving in Arkansas

I Received a Notice of Foreclosure. Now What?

Illinois law provides several options to defend your home

Do I Need a Family Lawyer?

The pros and cons of DIY divorce proceedings

What is Lien Stripping?

The Chapter 13 process might help you save your home from foreclosure in Ohio

When a Tree Falls in California

Your rights and legal responsibilities regarding trees on your property

Can I Sue When Someone's Dog Bites Me?

The laws regarding dog bite cases in Nevada

The Advantages of a Special Needs Trust

SNTs and Pooled SNTs allow loved ones to gift money to those on government benefits

Am I an Independent Contractor or Employee in Florida?

This classification is Uber-important for many reasons

What is Birdnesting?

An innovative approach to child custody in Kentucky

Who's at Fault in a Tennessee Car Accident?

How to determine fault and recover damages in a car accident suit

How Elder Guardianship Works

How Ohio courts assign decision-making authorities when an elder can no longer tend to their needs

Maryland Security Deposit Law

Whether you’re a landlord or a tenant, protect your rights

The Effect of Moving on Child Custody in California

Move-away disputes can be among the most wrenching parents—and courts—face

What Happens When You Get a DUI as a Commercial Driver?

Holders of CDL face tough consequences in Arizona

Can I Be Arrested for Swearing at a Police Officer?

Our free speech rights intersect with other laws

How Does Pennsylvania Determine Child Custody?

Judges now consider 16 separate factors

Five Employment Law Facts You Might Not Know

The state and federal laws that come into play if you work in New Jersey

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