Skip to main content

An Overview on Medical Devices Law

Learn the basics of recalls and lawsuits

If you use a medical device, you know how beneficial they can be. Unfortunately, sometimes the tools that are meant to help us can harm us instead. While you may have heard about recalled medical devices, or even class actions seeking a remedy for a common injury, you might be wondering if these issues apply to you and your device—and what you should do if you think you have been harmed.

You may have a number of legal options, and you might want to go over them with a lawyer. The following is a resource you can use to understand the basics of recalls and lawsuits so you can decide whether you should speak to a lawyer, and what to ask them if you do.


A medical device is anything intended to be used for medical purposes. They can be as simple as a tongue depressor or scalpel, or as complex as pacemakers and artificial joints. Medications and drugs are not considered medical devices and are thus regulated differently. A defining characteristic of a medical device is that is does not accomplish its primary purpose through chemical reactions in the body.


When there is a problem with a medical device, companies or manufacturers will typically recall the product to correct or discontinue it. If the recalled device is an implant, it does not always need to be removed from the patient, but medical providers generally reach out to patients to discuss their options.

Once the company recalls the device, they notify the FDA, who notifies the public. Legally speaking, the FDA can require companies to recall medical devices—but this is rare as companies generally do voluntary recalls. In the event that a company refuses to recall something that has been associated with serious problems or death, the FDA will force it to.


If you were injured by a medical device, you may consider bringing a personal injury lawsuit. Manufactures can be liable for personal injury when:

  • The device was defective when it was manufactured
  • There are dangerous side effects
  • The device was improperly marketed

These cases would be brought under a products liability lawsuit. You might also be able to hold other parties liable including labs, sales reps or providers, depending on the jurisdiction you are in and the parties’ roles in your injury.

Another legal route you can consider is a medical malpractice lawsuit. These cases allege that your medical provider did not act in accordance with the local standard of care, leading to your injury. These cases are often brought against surgeons and their staff or the physician the prescribed the device that caused your injury.

Unfortunately, some medical device injuries can tragically lead to death. In these cases, spouses or heirs of the deceased can bring a wrongful death lawsuit. The parties in these suits will generally be the same as in the other types of cases discussed previously.

Common Questions

Below are some common questions you might want to consider when meeting with an attorney for the first time.

  1. How do I know if my medical device has been recalled?
  2. What do I do if I was harmed by a recalled device?
  3. Can I join a class action lawsuit?
  4. How do I know who was responsible for my injuries?
  5. What kind of damages can I recover?

Finding the Right Attorney for Your Needs

It is important to approach the right type of attorney—someone who can help you through your entire case. To do so, you can visit the Super Lawyers directory, and use the search box to find a lawyer based on your legal issue or location.

To help you get started, you may want to consider looking for a lawyer with experience practicing medical device law.

Why Should I Talk to a Lawyer?

If you were injured by a medical device, you will need to prove your case using medical records and by interviewing doctors, medical staff and scientists. A lot of this information can be hard for a lay person to understand, and it can be beneficial to have an experienced lawyer involved in the process. Your lawyer will know how to get the records you need, the best legal case to bring, who you should interview and what the applicable law is.

A lawyer will further be able to anticipate potential problems with your case and advise you on how to approach them, and they will also keep track of deadlines and file all the paperwork with the necessary courts and agencies—giving you one less thing to worry about.

Why Super Lawyers?

Super Lawyers is a rating service of outstanding lawyers from more than 70 practice areas who have attained a high-degree of peer recognition and professional achievement. The patented selection process includes independent research, peer nominations and peer evaluations. The objective is to create a credible, comprehensive and diverse listing of outstanding attorneys that can be used as a resource for attorneys and consumers searching for legal counsel. As Super Lawyers is intended to be used as an aid in selecting a lawyer, we limit the lawyer ratings to those who can be hired and retained by the public. You can learn more about the selection process here.

Other Featured Articles

Products liability IconProducts liability

You Have 3 Years to File a Mesothelioma Lawsuit in Massachusetts

The actions you must take, and when, if you or a loved one fall ill from asbestos

Products liability IconProducts liability

Defective Product Lawsuits and Alabama Law

How do you establish negligence and/or strict liability for personal injury

Products liability IconProducts liability

What South Carolina Homeowners Need to Prove a Construction Defect

Courts want to see documentation in a product liability lawsuit

View More Products liability Articles »

Page Generated: 0.12157201766968 sec