What You Need to Prove Negligence in a Malpractice Claim in New Mexico

How personal injury attorneys approach medical malpractice cases

By Super Lawyers staff | Reviewed by Canaan Suitt, J.D. | Last updated on May 9, 2023

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Medical malpractice remains a serious public health issue in New Mexico and throughout the United States. If you or your family member suffered harm due to medical malpractice, you can hold a negligent provider legally accountable.

In this article, you will find an overview of what you need to prove to bring a successful medical malpractice lawsuit in New Mexico.

What is Medical Malpractice in New Mexico?

Physicians, medical specialists, hospitals, and other health care professionals cannot guarantee specific results after medical treatment. It is not medical malpractice simply because a patient suffered an adverse outcome due to a defendant’s actions.

In New Mexico, medical malpractice occurs when a medical professional or medical provider causes harm to a patient because of a negligent act. To prove medical malpractice, a plaintiff must establish:

  1. The existence of a doctor-patient relationship
  2. A breach of the duty of care (negligence) by a medical professional/provider
  3. Causation between the negligence and the patient’s injuries
  4. Genuine harm suffered by a patient

Medical malpractice can come in a wide variety of different forms—from delayed diagnosis and misdiagnosis to surgical mistakes and the premature discharge of a patient. A doctor, hospital or health care provider may be liable for medical malpractice if a patient suffered harm because substandard care was provided.

Know the Role of the New Mexico Review Commission

As medical malpractice is an unusually complex area of law, there are specialized rules and procedures in place for filing a claim. Under New Mexico law, a medical malpractice claim generally needs to be submitted to the New Mexico Medical Review Commission before a lawsuit can be filed.

The commission conducts an evaluation of the case and releases an assessment on the likelihood of medical malpractice. The decision of the commission is not admissible evidence in a medical malpractice lawsuit, but it is designed to help the process move forward. If the commission determines that malpractice was likely, it will work with the plaintiff.

Three Year Statute of Limitations for Most Medical Malpractice Claims

In New Mexico, most medical negligence cases are subject to a three-year statute of limitations. Any lawsuit for medical malpractice should be filed within three years of the date the alleged negligence occurred. However, there are some limited exceptions to the rule, including for minors.

A New Mexico Medical Malpractice Lawyer Will Protect Your Rights

It is not always easy to know if you have a medical negligence claim. Medical malpractice is a technical, highly specialized field. In most cases, expert witness testimony is used to help establish liability (often with the use of medical experts).

If you are considering filing a medical negligence lawsuit, you need a skilled professional on your side. An experienced New Mexico medical malpractice attorney or law firm can review your case, answer questions, explain the law, and help you take action to get justice and compensation.

If you’d like to learn more about this area of the law, please see our personal injury overview, as well as our medical malpractice overview, or reach out to a personal injury lawyer for legal advice with a free consultation.

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