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About Judy Malmon

Judy Malmon has blended law and writing throughout her career. She got her J.D. from University of California,Davis and practiced elder and disability law in California and Minnesota. She honed her writing by drafting appellate decisions in a nationwide class action, writing blogs for law firms, and writing for Westlaw. She loves digging into everyday legal questions, deciphering the complexities of law, and telling personal stories.

Articles Written by Judy Malmon

Suing Dicamba for Causing Crop Damage

How Missouri farmers can take action against herbicides

Does My Landlord Have to Fix My Refrigerator?

Massachusetts rentals may not require all that you think they do

Cohabiting Couples Can Have Protections Similar to Marriage

Legal documentation can protect your property, children and estate in Massachusetts

Designing a Legal Plan for Your Business

One size doesn’t fit all startups

Do You Have a Duty to Prevent Suicide?

Massachusetts May Have Limited Circumstances of College Liability

Workplace Romance in the Age of #MeToo

Now, more than ever, your job may be on the line

Could Your SEO Practices Get You in Trouble?

Trademark infringement liability might lurk in Adwords and hashtags

Privacy and Terms of Use Policies Need Regular Updating

Check your website terms or risk legal headaches later

A Notary is Not a Lawyer

Notarization might not mean what you think it means

Busted for Driving High in Oregon?

Legalization of marijuana does not make impaired driving legal

Oregon Supports Residential Beekeeping

But beware of local nuisance laws

Your DNA Goes Where You Don't

DNA transfer can erroneously link suspects to crimes

When Blockchain, Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Come Under Attack

A new legal frontier has formed around digital currency fraud, hacking and disputes

Claiming Workers’ Comp for Job-Related Stress

How to seek relief when workplace stress is significant in California

Are You Working After Punching Out?

California wage laws may not recognize federal ‘de minimis’ exception

Can Your DNA Link You to Crimes You Didn’t Commit?

DNA transfer happens even when we don't touch it, California defense attorney says

Why You Should Work With an Attorney on Surrogacy

Surrogacy law in Minnesota is mostly silent, so a lawyer is essential

Real Estate Contract Options in Washington

Alternative financing arrangements can have advantages—and disadvantages

Digital Spying in Washington State

Our modern world affords new avenues for divorcing spouses

Airbnb Fiascos and Other Tales of Short-Term Rental Woe

Proceed with caution before turning your property over to strangers

The Algorithm That Decides Your Fate in the Criminal Justice System

Florida, and other states, use computerized formulas for bail, sentencing and parole

What is Considered a “Committed Intimate Relationship”?

Rights and protections for unmarried couples in Washington State

Freedom of the Press for Students in Washington

New Voices laws give protections against media censorship

Infringing on the Public's Right to Know

Washington juggles open meeting laws and privacy concerns

Can a Business Provide Your Private Information to ICE?

Yes, and though it’s against the law, illegal immigrants in Washington may still be deported

To Victims of Sexual Assault: Please Seek Legal Help

Attorneys overcome bias and understand victim behavior in Washington sexual misconduct lawsuits

Are Lactating Employees Afforded Special Accommodations?

Breastfeeding Discrimination Liability in Florida

Whose Fault is a Drug-Induced Homicide in Florida?

Death caused by fentanyl can be first-degree murder

Tips on Managing Your Divorce Lawyer Bill

Hint: Fighting with your ex in court is expensive

The Path to Employment and Citizenship for Foreign Students

An immigration attorney tips to connect skilled students with Pennsylvania employers

Looking for Liability for Opioid Deaths

Doctors, pharmaceutical companies—who can you sue?

How to Seek Academic Advancement for a Special Ed Student

Brighter IDEA: The Supreme Court has clarified standard of free, appropriate public education

Can My Special Needs Student be Suspended or Expelled?

“We shouldn’t punish kids for their disability”

Who's to Blame for Overdoses in Pennsylvania?

Opioid deaths may be prosecuted as homicide in Pennsylvania

Social Media and Hiring Decisions Are Not a Good Mix

Don’t check that applicant’s Facebook page

Social Media at Work: All Kinds of Ways to Get in Trouble

From slacking to cyberbullying in Arizona

Tax Law Problems in the Gig Economy

Receiving something other than money for services is still income to the IRS

What’s a Form 1099-C and Why Was I Sent One?

If you settled a debt for less than you owed, you may owe taxes on it

Criminal Risk Assessments in Colorado

Judicial use of algorithms in sentencing and bail-setting has some downsides

How to Protect Yourself if You're Cohabiting in New Jersey

Certain legal documents can save your property, children and estate

What to Do When Employees Claim Stress

Stress-based workers’ comp claims in New Jersey face a higher bar

Planning the Future of the Family Business in New Jersey

Are your kids really the best choice to take over the company?

Your Attorney Must Keep Your Secrets … To a Point

What attorney-client privilege means, and the exceptions to it in New Jersey

You Don't Need to Avoid Probate in Georgia

State laws make the process easier than you might think

Estate Planning for Blended Families in Georgia

Contemporary families can have tricky planning issues

If Your Spouse or Parent Dies Without a Will in Georgia

You may not inherit what you think is yours: Georgia’s intestate succession laws

How to Train and Keep Foreign Doctors in the U.S.

J-1 visas and Conrad 30 waivers help, but they’re running out fast

The Immigration Squeeze on Military Recruits

The legal fight to keep the MAVNI program

Delays in the Green Card Process, and How an Attorney Can Help

Employers and foreign workers feel the squeeze on H-1Bs

Employees Can Be Told What to Wear in Georgia

Boss can dictate no-skirt policy for safety reasons

Suing for Pregnancy Discrimination in Georgia

Losing your job due to pregnancy is not allowed, and complications must be accommodated

Accommodations for Breastfeeding Under the PDA

Post-pregnancy worker rights in Georgia

Hey Barter Barter: The Law Swings for Contractors

Employee vs. Contractor is a critical classification in California barter arrangements

Driving Under the Influence of Marijuana in California

Legalization is not a pass to drive stoned

Shared Custody Arrangements for Pets

Illinois law allows judges to make such an order

6 Tips for Opening Your Doors on the Web

Protect yourself when you launch an e-commerce business

Immigration Enforcement Is Trending Upwards

Raids and audits are on the rise

Gig Workers in Illinois are Not Always Contractors

State and federal law can bite employers who misclassify their employees

Is a Restaurant Liable for Allergens in Food?

Legal advice, if you have an adverse reaction in Illinois

How Precise is DNA Evidence in a Criminal Case?

A Maryland criminal defense attorney says it’s not as open-and-shut as you might think

Your Smartphone Can Be Evidence in a Car Accident

If there’s reason to believe it played a part, cell phone use may make or break your case

Covering Your Care Needs in Maryland

As you age, it’s important to plan for Medicaid and/or long-term care

Tax Fraud and Other Games of Chance

If you’re getting audited and haven’t paid your taxes, call a litigator immediately

Tips for a Family Business Succession Plan

How to get your baby on board in Ohio

Taking Legal Action Against Opioids

Ohio takes the lead on claims against opiod manufacturers and distributors

Recovering for a Birth Injury in Ohio

Compensation can provide for extensive medical care needs

What is Fee-Shifting?

The growing trend among attorneys may save Ohioans a boatload in legal fees

Your RV Has Its Own Warranty—and Legal Issues

Warranties, sales and lease fraud, and deceptive practices in Ohio

Driven to Distraction

The laws and penalties for driving while texting and drowsy driving in Arkansas

Who's at Fault in a Tennessee Car Accident?

How to determine fault and recover damages in a car accident suit

Why You Should Establish a Durable Power of Attorney

Save time and money while preparing for the worst in Massachusetts

Why You Should Establish a Health Care Proxy

Save time and money while preparing for the worst in Massachusetts

Avoiding Vacation Home Havoc

Tips for passing down the summer cottage or beach house in Massachusetts

Making Lemonade from a Car Purchase Gone Wrong

Massachusetts’ Lemon Law protects new and used car buyers

Stand Up to Debt Collectors' Harassing Calls

Consumer protection law pays you to pursue your rights

Your Options to Catch Up on Student Loan Delinquency

Specialized legal help can cut through the confusion

Employment Discrimination Based on Criminal History

The legal protections relating to background checks in Massachusetts

Expats Still Must Pay U.S. Taxes

Sam is still yuor uncle

Do I Need a Family Lawyer?

The pros and cons of DIY divorce proceedings

Don't Throw Caution to the Wind

Filing an insurance lawsuit in the event of flooding, windstorms and wildfires in Texas

Trademarking Racial Slurs, Swear Words and Swastikas

The disparaging restriction is out. Is the scandalous clause next?

How Mandatory Arbitration Clauses Impact Consumer Rights

The implications of the fine print and latest rule changes for Oregonians

Choosing a Legal Entity for Your Business

Your options and how they’re viewed in Oregon

When a Tree Falls in California

Your rights and legal responsibilities regarding trees on your property

Taking a Knee on the Job

Can your boss limit what you say while on the clock?

Sick of Dealing with Security Deposits?

Surety bonds are the little-known option that could help

Passing on the Minnesota Family Cabin

Vacation homes can sow generational harmony or havoc

Laws of the Road for Minnesota Bicyclists

Bikes are vehicles in the eyes of the law (with a few exceptions)

Avoiding a Fence Dispute in Minnesota

Some rules to keep in mind

Resolving Student Loan Debt in Minnesota

Having a lawyer can help you through the morass

You Don’t Have to be Buzzed to Get Busted for DUI in Utah

Utah lowered its tolerance for drinking and driving to .05 BAC

Utah’s Metabolite DUI Law Doesn’t Require Impairment

It prohibits any drug byproduct in a driver’s bloodstream, period

Can I Be Arrested for Swearing at a Police Officer?

Our free speech rights intersect with other laws

Driving Under the Influence of Electronics

Texting while driving laws in Washington state

Don’t Lose to Washington’s Crappy Weather

Be legally prepared in case a flood, wildfire, or earthquake hits home

Sexting Can Land You in Jail

Child pornography and age of consent laws in Washington

Estate Planning for Dementia

Note to self: Do it now, before it’s too late!

Who Can Make Health Care Decisions for Teens?

Medical consent and confidentiality in Washington

Am I an Independent Contractor or Employee?

This classification is Uber-important for many reasons in Florida

Getting Out of a Timeshare Can Be Tricky

Legal steps you can take if you’re stuck in a Florida timeshare

Driving a Hard Bargain

Fighting fraud and deception at car dealerships in Florida

When Disaster Strikes Florida

Being a savvy insurance consumer pays in the event of coastal storms and flooding

How to Leave a Charitable Legacy

Charity options as you plan your estate in Florida

How Does Pennsylvania Determine Child Custody?

Judges now consider 16 separate factors

The Pennsylvania Adoption Home Study Process

What do I need to know before I adopt a child?

Can My Employer Say Bad Things About Me?

Job references and the law in Pennsylvania

Can You Give a Bad Job Reference?

The legality of saying something negative about an employee in Pennsylvania

Kids Don’t Decide Their Own Custody and Fault Doesn’t Matter

Common misconceptions in Pennsylvania family law

Domestic Violence and Child Custody in Pennsylvania

‘Best interests of the child’ analysis explicitly requires assessment of abuse

Pass the … DUI?

Virginia’s open container law isn’t a safeguard if you have alcohol in a vehicle

What Happens When You Get a DUI as a Commercial Driver?

Holders of CDL face tough consequences in Arizona

What Common Law Marriage Means in Real Life

The legal myths and facts about a persistently misunderstood concept

Same-Sex Common Law Marriage in Colorado

Marriage may be retroactive—even before Obergefell v. Hodges made it legal

Driving While Distracted

Texting while driving laws in Colorado

Drug Screening in the Era of Legalized Marijuana

Can my employer fire me for legal activities while not at work?

Five Employment Law Facts You Might Not Know

The state and federal laws that come into play if you work in New Jersey

Pay Secrecy Policies: That’s a No-No!

Federal and New Jersey laws protect your right to compare paychecks

Driving Home the Dangers of Distractions

New Jersey takes distracted driving very seriously

Planning for Long-Term Care in New Jersey

Things to consider include: Medicaid, LTC insurance and a trustworthy attorney

Half a Loaf: Better Than None Indeed

The Medicaid planning technique can allow for family gifts in New Jersey

Avoiding Trouble at Continuing Care Retirement Communities

Entering a life care community requires some legal advice

Understanding the Caregiver Child Exemption

You might be able to keep an aging parent's home and qualify for Medicaid

What is a Romeo and Juliet Law?

This and other sexual consent rules in New Jersey

The Advantages of a Special Needs Trust

SNTs and Pooled SNTs allow loved ones to gift money to those on government benefits

Look Out Georgia Left-Lane Drivers!

Driving the speed limit could get you a ticket

Protecting the Privacy of Your Medical Records

What to do if a hospital or physician improperly discloses your medical info

Should I Register My Trademark in Georgia?

It’s not required, but there are advantages

Reciprocal Easement Agreements Can Make or Break a Development Deal

Reciprocal Easement Agreements are crucial for commercial planning in Georgia

The Effect of Moving on Child Custody in California

Move-away disputes can be among the most wrenching parents—and courts—face

Can My Boss Make Me Wear That?

The laws for dress and grooming policies in California

Should I Consider a Short Sale?

This option may be a good one for a foreclosure in California, but proceed with caution

What is a 529 Plan?

Tax advantages help maximize savings for college

College Plans That Save Headaches as Well as Money

These estate planning vehicles may help

Home is Burning

Fighting insurance denial in the event of an earthquake, landslide or wildfire in California

How Will My Bankruptcy Affect My Spouse?

California law creates some unique considerations

Protecting Yourself Against Corporate Espionage

It may sound like James Bond, but really, it’s just stealing

Data Breaches Happen

It’s not always someone’s fault when private information goes rogue

I Received a Notice of Foreclosure. Now What?

Illinois law provides several options to defend your home

Gestational Surrogacy Laws in Illinois

The state’s a legally supportive stance on the family arrangement

Revenge Porn and Illinois Law

The state has made it a Class 4 felony

What is a Hardship License?

If your license is suspended in Louisiana, you might still be able to drive for special reasons

Maryland Security Deposit Law

Whether you’re a landlord or a tenant, protect your rights

What is a Public Benefit Corporation?

Maryland allows social enterprises to pursue legal designation

How to Change Your Name in Maryland

The legal ins and outs 

Gray Divorce in Maryland

Considerations for divorces after 50

How a Guardianship Works

How Ohio courts assign decision-making authorities when an elder can no longer tend to their needs

What is Birdnesting?

An innovative approach to child custody in Kentucky

What is Lien Stripping?

The Chapter 13 process might help you save your home from foreclosure in Ohio

Protecting Your Invention

Should Ohioans file a provisional application for a patent?

Fighting Off Debt Collection Abuse

Five tips for Ohioans dealing with collectors

When is a Collector of Debt Not a ‘Debt Collector’?

U.S. Supreme Court rules that purchasers of bad debts are not subject to FDCPA

What Payout Can I get in My Personal Injury Case?

Ohio unfortunately caps damages in personal injury lawsuits

Host with the Most … Liability

Hosting underage drinking is a bad idea in Ohio

Considering a Land Installment Contract in Ohio

Alternative financing arrangements can have advantages—and disadvantages

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