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Age, says Debra L. Raskin, is one of the last bastions of acceptable discrimination.
“On some perverse level it’s still considered praise to say someone acts young or thinks young,” says Raskin, an employment attorney
with Vladeck Waldman Elias & Engelhard who handles age discrimination c for plaintiffs. “There are a million examples of age discrimination that reflect the stereotypes of what people of a certain age can and cannot do.”
She rattles some off:
- Don’t be old-fashioned.
- We need young blood.
- We are removing deadwood.
“Have I heard all these discriminatory phrases? You bet.”
Proving Your Case
According to national Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) statistics, there has been a marked increase in the number of Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) cases since the Great Recession of 2008, says Laurie Berke-Weiss of Berke-Weiss Law.
“I meet with a lot of older workers who are having trouble, who see storm clouds on the horizon, and easily 50 percent of those are in their 50s and 60s,” she says.
But as with other areas of discrimination, such as race and gender, it’s difficult to prove. “It’s not like somebody said to them, ‘You’re too old,’ but it implicates age,” Berke-Weiss says. “The test is to prove that age is the ‘but-for’ cause, and that is very hard.”
She’s referring to Gross v. FBL Fin. Servs., a 2009 decision in which the U.S. Supreme Court declared, 5-4, that older employees filing a lawsuit under the ADEA must show that age was not just a determinative factor; they must show the decision would not have occurred without it.
“It is a slightly more discouraging climate for age discrimination lawsuits than before the decision,” says Anne Golden of Outten & Golden.
The defense has its challenges as well, says Bettina B. Plevan, an employment lawyer of Proskauer Rose, who represents companies in employment discrimination cases.
“The defense has to be based on explaining what the nondiscriminatory business reasons were for making an employment decision. You need to drill down into what has happened in the organization. Is this a person who performed well 10 years ago but is not performing well now? Or has the organization changed in areas like technology? Is that an age issue, or did they just not learn the technology they needed to learn? That’s a subtle point.”
Steps to Take
If you are a victim of age discrimination, Law firms and attorneys advise
, to keep detailed notes of their work situations.
“If your company has policies that enable you to make complaints you should do it,” Golden says. “But be clear in the complaint that you think it is age discrimination. It is not illegal for an employer or manager to be unfair or cruel or mean or even psychotic and a bully. None of that is illegal. Age discrimination is a protected complaint—at least legally—so if you think your legal rights are being violated, talk to a lawyer.” You may be entitled to back pay and attorney fees.
She adds: “And remember that HR is generally not your friend.”